BofE FX Survey data: $2,234bln/day (12% down from Apr, but 11% up YonY) – worth reading


The Bank of England today released their latest semi-annual FX turnover survey results for October 2013.

Highlights on overall London FX volumes

  • Total FX vols down 12% since Apr at $2,234bln/day (up 11% YoY)
  • FX Swaps account for 50% of total FX vols (up from 42% in Apr), highest share since Apr 09
  • FX Spot account for 34% of total FX vols (down from 39% in Apr), lowest share since Apr 09
  • Spot FX vol down 24% from Apr at 767bln/day (5% higher YoY)
  • Spot USD/JPY vols 48% lower than Apr at $119bln/day (still 2nd most traded curr pair)

Execution via Multi-Dealer Platforms (MDP) and Single-Dealer Platforms (SDPs) both down approx 9% since Apr

  • SDP vols – 9% (still up 21% YoY), driven by +31% increase in use by Reporting Dealers and +14% by other banks
  • MDP vols -10% (up 53% YoY), driven by +77% rise in Non-Bank Financial Institutions

Detailed analysis and charts on the figures follows below.

FX Volumes by Product

  • Total FX vols down 12% since Apr at $2,234bln/day (up 11% YoY)
  • FX Swaps account for 50% of total FX vols (up from 42% in Apr), highest share since Apr 09
  • FX Spot account for 34% of total FX vols (down from 39% in Apr), lowest share since Apr 09
  • Spot FX vol down 24% from Apr at 767bln/day (5% higher YoY)
  • Whilst FX Options account for only 1% of daily flows, they saw a 39% drop from Apr 13 to $113bln/day

London FX Volumes Oct 13Chart showing Daily FX vol by-product type (source: Bank of England Survey data)

Single-Dealer vs Multi-Dealer volumes

SDP vol: $335bln/day ($366bln/day), -9% from Apr 2013, but still +21% YoY

MDP vol: $314bln/day ($349bln/day), -10%  from Apr 2013, but still +52% YoY

The ratio of FX flows being executed via SDPs compared to MDPs rise slightly to 107%, but still down from 134% in Oct 12 as shown by the continues red line in chart below. See latest volumes on MDP (EBS, Reuters and FXAll) here.

SDP vs MDP VolsChart showing SDP and MDP vols (source: Bank of England Survey data)

Product Flows by SDP & MDP

The chart below shows changes in flows (SDP vol minus MDP vol by product type. As can be seen since Apr 2011, there has been a continual increase in FX Swaps flows via SDP (mauve line), whereas over the same period there has been a drop in FX spot volumes as more FX spot flows through MDPs (dotted blue line).

SDP vs MDP by productChart showing changes in SDP and MDP vols by instrument (source: Bank of England Survey data)

Client Segment Flows

When looking at overall client segment flows, reporting dealers have once again failed to break above 50% of total flows, and dipped to 48%.

Reporting Dealers vs All other Sements Oct 13Chart showing Reporting Dealer FX flows vs All other client segments (source: Bank of England Survey data)

The chart below shows all the client segment flows, and we can see that Other Financial Institutions flows now exceed the flows from non-reporting other banks.

Client Segment Flows Oct 13Chart comparing each client segment flows (source: Bank of England Survey data)

Client Flows by SDP & MDP

When looking at the execution preferences of each client segment, reporting dealers are increasing the proportion of flows via SDPs (blue dotted line), whilst non-bank ‘other’ financial institutions (hedge funds, asset managers etc),  are preferring to trade using MDPs (orange dotted line). Also the ‘Other Banks category of non-reporting dealers seems to be picking up again in terms of flows through SDPs (red line).

SDP vs MDP by Client SegmentChart showing changes in SDP and MDP vols by client segment (source: Bank of England Survey data)

Coverage of previous BofE survey data here

Bank of England data here

2 Responses

  1. Hi Paul,

    If anyone needs the corresponding data for North America from the New York Fed, they can find it here:

    http://forexmagnates.com/foreign-exchange-committee-semi-annual-north-american-survey-released/

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