Central Bank FX Semi annual surveys Oct 14: Record vols seen in 5 out of 6 top centres


The major central banks reported their latest semi-annual FX survey results for Oct 14 today.

Record high daily volumes were reported for London ($3.097bln/day +12.3%), NY ($1,096bln/day +35.1%), Singapore ($481bln/day +30.1%), Japan ($374bln/day +3%) and Canada ($67bln/day +8.5%) with only Australia showing a fall ($151bln/day -14%). London once again dominating the FX market, with volumes in London approaching 60% of global daily volumes.

Top 6 FX centres Apr-Oct 14

 

Top 6 Global FX centres

Top Global FX Centres (based on Central Bank FX Semi annual FX survey data for Oct 14)

A quick look at the trend in volumes by instrument shows that Continue reading

CLS FX vols Oct14: Vols down -10.9% to $5,290bln/day, whilst setting new record transactions of 1.465mln/day


The CLS settlement system has reported a -10.9% drop in the average daily value of FX trades settled through their platform in October 2014 compared to the record set in September, which is in-line with similar drops seen in Thomson Reuters and Hotspot volumes (although EBS bucked the trend with a 10pct rise).

However, whilst the value of trades has dropped, the number of instructions submitted was up 3.2% at a new record of 1.465mln instructions/day.

Details from the platform and charts are as follows: Continue reading

Incentives for Central Clearing – paper by BIS


The Bank of International Settlements (BIS) has released an interesting research paper which looks at the incentives for various market participants to centrally clear bilateral OTC derivative trades.

Following the financial crisis, G20 leaders agreed that standardised over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives contracts were to be cleared through central counterparties (CCPs). A number of regulatory reforms have been introduced that affect the incentives for central clearing of these contracts. These reforms include requirements to exchange initial and variation margin for non-centrally cleared derivatives exposures, standards relating to the measurement of counterparty credit risk for derivatives contracts, and capital requirements for bank exposures to CCPs.

The paper found that:

Clearing member banks (ie those institutions that clear directly with CCPs) have incentives to clear centrally.

Whilst central clearing incentives for market participants that clear indirectly (ie that are not directly clearing members of a CCP but clear through an intermediary that is a clearing member of a CCP) are less obvious and could not be comprehensively analysed on the basis of the data received in the quantitative analysis.

However, given that clearing members account for the bulk of derivatives trading, the conclusion of the analysis – there are incentives for them to clear centrally – indicates that the G20 objective on OTC derivatives reforms has, for the most part, been achieved.

Continue reading

Are Europe and US moving closer to NDF clearing mandates?


Could clearing mandate for NDFs be closer that we think?

Europe has tended to lag the US by about 18 months in implementing regulatory reforms in general, and trading and clearing mandates in particular.

So, the timing this week of a new consultation paper by The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) on mandatory clearing of swaps and Non-Deliverable Forwards (NDFs) is potentially significant, as it could suggest a more rapid convergence between Europe and US on NDF clearing mandates.

The reason for this is that the paper has been published barely a week before Continue reading

Platform FX Volumes July14: Double-digit falls for most platforms


Major platforms have reported July FX volumes, with double-digit falls across the board, with Thomson Reuters (TR) spot vols down -14.5%  to $98.8bln/day – a record low, whilst taken in total all Reuters FX products are down -11.4%, although still up some 7.6% on a year ago. Overall spot volumes across all platforms are down between -16% and -21% compared to a year ago.

This drop in FX volumes is also reflected in CLS settlement system which reported a -13.7% drop in trades submitted to their platform at $4,710bln/day down from $5,460bln/day in June, although still up 5.4% on a year ago, whilst the number of trades submitted for clearing is down -20.2% over the year.

From this month, TR has changed their reporting methodology, reporting aggregated volume for Reuters Matching, FXall and the Thomson Reuters SEF. Only splitting out volumes for FX spot and aggregating all other products covering: forwards, swaps, options and non-deliverable forwards traded on those platforms. FXall volumes shown in previous months post here.

Individual platform volumes are as follows: Continue reading

New investment banking models: ‘capital-lite’, ‘agency’ and ‘client-clearing’


Regulation is driving change in capital market structure, and as highlighted in the future of investment banking, banks continue to move towards a ‘capital-lite’ business model, as they seek to ‘optimise’ use of and return on capital.

The introduction of mandatory trading and clearing for standardised swaps (SEFs in US and OTF and MTFs in Europe) has resulted in higher capital charges for OTC bilateral trades, and reduced the appetite of banks to warehouse and hold inventory which is moving more banks towards a ‘capital lite’ model.

This is the backdrop to the announcement that JP Morgan the setting up a 150 strong fixed income agency execution desk called JP Morgan Execution Services (JPMES), to run alongside its principal trading operations.

At first sight, it looks as if JP Morgan is simply hedging its bets and backing both agency and principal business models. However,
Continue reading

Tibco Streambase 2014 FX Trading Technology survey


After a two-year break, during which Tibco acquired Streambase, it’s good to see that they are continuing the excellent FX Trading and Technology Trends survey, that Streambase published between 2010-12 (see here for 2011 and 2012 surveys).

I haven’t yet seen this years report, but if it’s similar to previous survey’s then it will focus on buy-side and sell-side traders and their use of electronic FX platforms.

Key findings being:

  • Share of FX participants trading electronically remains steady at 80%
  • Regulation seen as providing opportunities for innovation and competitive differentiation
  • Traders prefer executing on SDP to MDP
  • Expectation that bilateral relationship pricing from liquidity providers enhances execution quality
  • Fragmentation driving more firms are add additional liquidity providers via aggregation services

Top banks Continue reading

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